Would women lawyers prefer to work with men or other women? The
answer may depend on the age of the female lawyer you’re asking, an ABA
Journal survey has found.
Of more than 1,400 respondents who answered the question, 58
percent said the gender of their colleagues made no difference, while 42
percent expressed a preference for working either with men or women.
Female supervisors age 40 and over who said gender mattered
to them preferred working with women. About 80 percent said female lawyers take
direction better, take constructive criticism better (59 percent) and have more
discretion (79 percent).
But younger female attorneys who are following in the
footsteps of that trailblazing generation don’t hold their older colleagues in
such high regard. Among female lawyers under 40 who thought gender matters, 58
percent said male supervisors give better direction, give more constructive
criticism (56 percent) and are better at keeping confidential information
private (64 percent).
A total of 4,449 individuals who identified themselves as
female attorneys answered all or part of the survey. The survey was co-authored
by Linda Marks, director of the Center for WorkLife Law at the University of
California’s Hastings College of the Law in San Francisco.
Why do opinions about the role of gender in the workplace
depend on the age of the female attorney?
Some experts cite generational tension: Female lawyers
entering the profession often don’t want to make the same personal sacrifices
as their predecessors, and they question whether such sacrifices are even
necessary to succeed. Senior women may not understand this mindset, much less
realize that the playing field has changed, experts suggest. And that can block
“I’m concerned that more senior women don’t fully understand
the profound demographic changes taking place,” says Lauren Stiller Rikleen. A
senior partner at Bowditch & Dewey in Framingham, Mass., she advises law
firms about workplace issues. She also wrote Ending the Gauntlet: Removing
Barriers to Women’s Success in the Law.
Rikleen says female partners often tell her that there will
always be associates who, like themselves, will sacrifice their personal lives
for successful careers. But she says younger men are also less willing to make
the personal sacrifices of their predecessors.
“It’s not purely gender-based,” says Rikleen, a member of
the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women in the Profession. “That
says to me that if I’m a leader of a workplace, I need to think about what’s
happening here in the future—and how to position this place.”
When Rikleen talks to younger women lawyers, she says,
they’re often relieved that she understands their complaints. Women closer to
her age are often surprised that she doesn’t share their perspective.
Arin Reeves, a Chicago lawyer who focuses on diversity
consulting, also sees differing views between women younger than 35 and those
older than 45. She mentions that when female partners develop a women’s
initiative, the female associates generally don’t find it useful.
“There’s no such thing anymore of all the women being in the
same boat, who need a particular set of strategies to be kept afloat. Now that
women have a lot more models to choose from, they are becoming more selective
as to which women they identify with.”
Women can be one another’s best advocates, but senior women
lawyers need to understand that younger women can build careers differently,
says Deborah Epstein Henry, an attorney who advises law firms on the retention
and promotion of female lawyers. And younger women, Henry says, need to think
about how they can have better relationships with senior female lawyers.
“They don’t have to be a role model in every capacity, but
the junior women can select different things from different people,” Henry
says. Her company, Flex-Time Lawyers, has chapters in New York City and
Philadelphia, where members meet to network, share information and effect
change in the workplace. “I really do believe that women need to move away from
placing judgment on other women,” she says, “and accept more diversity among
The ABA Journal and ABAJournal.com invited female
lawyers to respond to a Web-based survey regarding their workplace experiences;
the survey was open from May through July last year. The 4,449 who responded in
this self-selecting survey were asked whether they perceived gender-related differences
in workplace performance and behavior.
On most questions, a majority said they perceived no
difference. But among those who perceived differences, some were dramatic. The
following charts reflect the opinions of those who perceived gender differences.
The end of the questionnaire offered those surveyed the
opportunity to share their thoughts or experiences anonymously. More than 600
did so, and selections from their comments appear throughout this article.
Women Under 40 Who Think Gender Matters Said:
Women Supervisors Over 40 Who Think Gender Matters Said: